An Examination of the Relationship between Excess Dietary Protein and Bone Loss or Fractures in Elderly People

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Inadequate dietary intake of calcium could adversely affect the risk of bone loss or fracture from dietary protein. There is no clear evidence of the type of protein. animal or vegetable and its effect on bone density. The study examines the relationship between dietary protein and bone loss or fractures in people aged 55-95 years old. Also, the effect of dietary supplements, type of protein and lifestyle would be examined. The strength of the study would be to contribute to ongoing studies on dietary protein and risk for bone loss or fractures. The weakness of the study would be the inability to capture or examine other factors in greater detail. An understanding of the relationship between dietary protein and risk of bone loss or fracture could help prevent fractures, especially in elderly people.

Men and women aged between 55-95 years would be enrolled in the study. A sufficient number of samples would be collected for statistically significant results. Data would be collected through the use of questionnaires. A detailed questionnaire with several sections would be prepared. A section would capture their dietary protein consumption habits, such as quantity and the type of protein. Another section would capture their lifestyle habits, such as hours or activity, work, sleep, exercise and type of exercise. Finally, a section on medical history would be designed to capture their medical history and diseases. This would enable us to determine the existence of a correlation between protein intake and bone loss for subjects with hip fractures or rest fractures. A comprehensive statistical analysis would be conducted to test the hypotheses by the use of tools, such as SPSS.
It is estimated that the study, would extend over 180 days. This includes the design of the questionnaire, approval of the study by the ethical advisory committee, subject enrolment, data collection, data analysis, and preparation of the report.

All considerations for ethical issues would be made and necessary approval from ethical advisory committees and boards would be obtained.