Agricultural Systems and Poverty

0 Comment

While there are some organizations such as World Trade Organization and SAGE or The center for Sustainability and the Global Environment who seek ways to eliminate poverty and developed innovative agricultural systems, sad to say, there are also developed countries that are not as supportive and implemented Agricultural Protectionism which appears in various forms and disguises. This paper will site the agricultural systems that have been developed and evaluate its effectivity. It will discuss if the agricultural systems had helped in any way to eliminate poverty or just added up the expenses or has wasted money.By reviewing the several qualitative and quantitative researches conducted about Poverty, Sustainability, Global Environment, Agricultural Systems and Agricultural Protectionism, the study reveals that although many organizations have strived hard to eliminate poverty, there are unsupportive countries that imposed taxes as a disguise to cover the agricultural protectionism. This study also discusses the effects and systems being implemented in trying to eliminate poverty.Agriculture has been the main source of income for farmers all over the world. It has been the source of nourishment and through agriculture, the world is provided with food to eat and nourishment for our bodies. It sustains health and boosts the world’s economy through importing and exporting. Through the help of globalization, different agricultural products are imported and exported all over the world in order to supply the basic needs of a human being which is food.
The World Trade Organization, World Wildlife Fund and SAGE or The center for Sustainability and the Global Environment are only few of the hundreds of organization that aims to eliminate poverty. To start of with their project, SAGE studied the production and environmental impacts of agricultural systems.
During the 4th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization, the DOHA development round was declared and the round was tasked to focus on the agricultural and poverty problems occurring in developing countries. The Doha Development Round aims to improve the agricultural market access, internal and export aids. It also aims to give a special treatment for developing countries as well as give a market access for non-agricultural products. Their goal however, was implemented in a very slow pace because of the existence of Agricultural Protectionism in developed countries.
According to the World Wildlife Fund, sustainable development means balancing economic needs with environmental and social needs – a tripartite alliance. The conservation of nature and natural processes is not an optional extra. rather, it is the foundation of human welfare. (n.d)
Agricultural protectionism is known to worsen the global poverty by imposing high import tariffs for small or developing countries. High tariffs are imposed to protect one country from too much importing. Avoiding too much importing will protect the countries, especially developed, to lose the balance of trade as well as local businesses in their country. It protects its countries local industries to decline.
While the WTO’s goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business (n.d), the SAGE’s ultimate goals in this area of research are to better understand the effect of different vegetative communities on rates of soil carbon accumulation, the costs of verification, and to quantify the total amount of carbon being sequestered to help assign carbon-credits. (December, 2005)
The main priority of WWF-UK’s International Development Programme is the integration of environmental considerations into the agenda of development aid agencies