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Advocates of Human Rights and Champions of Countrys and Citizens Safety

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Hence, people who are convicted in the lower courts, but have appealed successfully to higher courts could neither be removed from office, nor could be deprived of other citizens rights, like getting elected for an elected post, or exercising voting rights etc. So, indictment or formal charge against any person is not evidence of guilt because unless proved otherwise, the person is supposed to be innocent. It is the fundamental safeguard in the British system. It is precisely in order to protect this presumption of innocence that defendants are not generally required to face evidence which, while it may be highly prejudicial, does not actually prove the particular case against them Keeping this exclusive right of the defendant, he is excluded from ‘similar fact evidence’ meaning similar crimes committed by the accused in past will not have any bearing on the present case. Human Rights have become the most important principles of law today, in all civilised countries. The world is, at last, acknowledging that individual and his rights are greater than any other rights, as long as it does not encroach another’s individual rights. Hence, human rights come to the forefront while dealing with individuality as the core matter of it. Throughout the world, in international relations and international law, discourse is increasingly being conducted in the language of human rights. This trend represents the significant inroads which are being made by the international community of nations on the notion of state sovereignty, (Feldman, 2002, p.35).