He considers the latent content as part of the unconscious mind (Bergson, 2013, p. 21). Furthermore, Sigmund Freud proposes that the latent content of a dream comprises of three major parts, namely the sensory impressions, the residues, and the id (Freud, Masson and Brill, 2010, p. 11). When an individual is sleeping, Freud explains that the repression by the super-ego becomes weakened. This is because of lack of a voluntary motor activity. This is able to create an increase in the possibility of a subconscious impulse that emanates from the id reaching consciousness. According to this idea, Freud gives a proposal that dreams are a guardian of sleeps (Freud, Masson and Brill, 2010, p. 36). Furthermore, dreams are able to allow a satisfaction of certain drives, by passing through a manifest content, or visual fantasy.
This has an impact of reducing the drives that emanate from the id, and this may make a dreamer to wake up, for purposes of fulfilling the dream under consideration. In a layman’s language, dreams normally allow for the fulfillment of certain needs, without the knowledge of the conscious mind (Freud and Lieberman, 2012, p. 31). However, the manifest content of a dream is not comprehensive, and this is mainly because it comprises of a distorted edition, of a latent content of a dream. During the beginning of this psychoanalytic movement, Sigmund Freud and his followers believed that dreams are the main tools of self analysis (Bergson, 2013, p. 39). Dreams were therefore played an important role in the treatment of psychological patients. Understanding and interpretation of dreams was heavily influenced by the drive-conflict theory of Sigmund Freud. The intention of this therapy was to reveal the latent content of the repressed unconscious mind and sexuality of an individual. For purposes of understanding a dream, a therapist has to explore the latent content of a dream, by using the process of free association. This