A good vulnerability and capacity assessment welcomes the involvement and participation of members of the community in identifying, analyzing, prioritization and assess the risk of proposed actions. Participation is critical since it allows risk reduction programs to address the real needs and demands of communities at risk and to make the programs relevant to beneficiaries. The assessment builds on existing skills and capacities, resources and knowledge which communities possess. An assessment of vulnerability and capacity does not stand on its own. The assessment must be part of a process that works with communities, from the first step of engagement all the way to exit, in order to reduce vulnerability to disasters and different threats.  .
.Capacities and Vulnerabilities framework use participatory tools to gauge the exposure of people to natural hazards and the capacity to resist them. This framework is a crucial part of disaster preparedness and helps to create programs of disaster preparedness that are a community-based disaster at both rural and urban levels. Capacities and vulnerabilities framework allow for the identification of local priorities and necessary action to be taken in order to reduce disaster risks. The framework also helps in the design and development of programs that mutually support and respond to the needs of the community closely concerned.
Capacities and Vulnerabilities assessment is the national and sub-national hazard, hazard, vulnerability and capacity exercises that identify communities at risk. The assessment is then done in these communities to find the areas of risk and vulnerability and then decide the actions to take in order to eradicate them. What the assessment unearths at the grassroots level can give an indication of national vulnerabilities and capacities.
The process is complex and it involves some steps that raise specific questions. It is challenging to select key questions .for consideration in this process. .