Menu

A Study of Business Sustainability Indices in Malaysian Cities

0 Comment

9 1.3.1 World Summit in Rio de Janeiro ……………………………………………. 9 1.3 Purpose of the Study …………………………………………………………. 11 1.4 Research Framework …………………………………………………………. 12 1.5 Research Questions ………………………………………………………….. 12 1.6 Hypotheses ……………………………………………………………………. 13 1.8 Significance of the Study ………………………………………………….… 20 1.9 Chapter Summary …………………………………………………………. 21 1.10 Organization of dissertation ………………………………………………. 23 Chapter 2 Literature Review ……………………………………………………… 25 2.1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………… 25 2.2 Sustainability: Definition and Background …………………………………… 27 2.2.1 Sustainability theories ………………………………………………………….. …
40 2.2.4 Sustainable development ………………………………………………. 41 2.2.4.1 Social sustainability and sustainable neighborhood ….…………….. 43 2.2.5 Urban forms and effects on sustainability ……………………………… 46 2.2.5.1 Urban planning …………………………………………………….. 47 2.2.5.2 Principles of sustainability in plans evaluation ……………………. 47 2.2.5.3 Case study: Indianapolis Greenways System ……………………… 49 2.2.5.4 Business and environment: The greening of supply chain ………… 50 2.2.6 Challenges in sustainability …………………………………………… 52 2.2.6.1 Population, migration and urbanization …………………………… 52 2.2.6.1.1 Slowing and differential growth …………………………… 54 2.2.6.1.2 Continuing rural migration and rapid expansion of cities … 55 2.2.6.2 Affluence/poverty, well-being, and health ………………………… 56 2.2.6.3 Technological innovations …………………………………………. 56 2.2.6.4 Globalization, governance and institution …………………………. 57 2.2.6.5 Global environmental change ……………………………………… 59 2.2.6.6 Peace and securities ………………………………………………… 61 2.2.7 Developed versus developing world cities …………………………….. 61 2.3 Strategic policy options for sustainable development ………………………… 62 Chapter 3 Methodology ……………………………………………………….. 63 3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………… 63 3.2 Literature review