A Marxist Reading of One Hundred Years of Solitude

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Leftist forces have to create their own paths to sneak through. paths that transform Marxism into something optimistic and practical—transform it into something experimental and ingenious, perhaps covert, originally rippling within the cracks of bourgeois social order. This paper carries out a Marxist analysis of One Hundred Years of Solitude. It is the contention of this paper that class interests, class struggles, and class consciousness formed the groundwork of the narrative.The class theory of Karl Marx focuses on the idea that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles (Stuart 75). As stated in this idea, from the time human society arose from its primeval and somewhat homogeneous state it has stayed essentially divided between classes who conflict in their quest for their own goals and interests. Class interests and the power competition and conflict that they engender are to Marx the core determining the factor of the historical and social mechanism. Aureliano Buendia is a character cherished by the Leftist ideology—fighting 32 wars for the advancement of the liberal revolution, he was defeated in all of them (Marquez 48).And still being defeated in these political wars never hindered his ambitious existential pursuit, his ambitious existential battle, which Aureliano conquered each time against his right-wing adversaries. In taking part in the struggle, he built a new subjective theme, a new revolutionary essence for himself. It is now usual in postmodern Latin American literature to discover an ideological and historical perspective in the works of Garcia Marquez (Bloom 73). He frequently portrays his own interpretation of One Hundred Years of Solitude in relation to the novel’s actual context—Colombian history—declaring that (Saldivar 34).